Spirulina

From Academic Kids

Spirulina
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Bacteria
Division:Cyanobacteria
Class:Cyanophyceae
Order:Oscillatoriales
Genus:Spirulina
Species

Spirulina corakiana
Spirulina crispum
Spirulina labyrinthiformis
Spirulina laxa
Spirulina laxissima
Spirulina major
Spirulina meneghiniana
Spirulina nordstedtii
Spirulina princeps
Spirulina subsalsa
Spirulina subtilissima
Spirulina platensis
Spirulina tenerrima
Spirulina weissii

Spirulina is a genus of filamentous cyanobacteria (commonly called blue-green algae), with a coil-like shape. ITIS recognises 13 species.

Spirulina is also the commercial name for the species Arthrospira platensis (previously known as Spirulina platensis), which is cultivated around the world as a food source. It is a very rich source of nutrition. In fact, it was a staple of Aztec cuisine. The genus is also responsible for the flamingo's pink plumage.

It is currently popular as a health food in the U.S. and Europe, often taken as a dietary supplement in the form of powder or tablet.

Vegetarians and vegans should not rely on spirulina (among certain other foods) as a source of vitamin B12. See the B12 article for more information.

Nutritional facts

55 - 70 % protein.

Contains: vitamin A, B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B6 (pyridoxine), B12 (cobalamin), vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, folate, vitamin K, biotin, pantothenic acid, beta carotene (source of vitamin A), inositol.

Minerals: calcium, manganese, iron, chromium, phosphorus, molybdenum, iodine, chloride, magnesium, sodium, zinc, potassium, selenium, germanium, copper, boron.

Contains: phycocyanin, chlorophyll, carotenoids.

Contains: myxoxanthophyll, zeaxanthin, cryptoxanthin, echinenone and other xanthophylls.

gamma linolenic acid, glycolipids, sulfolipids, polysaccharides.

Amino acids: isoleucine, phenylalanine, leucine, threonine, lysine, tryptophan, methionine, valine, alanine, glycine, arginine, histidine, aspartic acid, proline, cystine, serine, glutamic acid, tyrosine.

Reference

da:Spirulina platensis de:Spirulina es:Spirulina fr:Spiruline

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